Tales of the old Mine in Vares from Kruno Ridic, Master of Mechanical Engineering

  • general

  • 30 July 2020

I would like to thank you for your time and for speaking about your experience and your job in mining for the second issue of Eastern Mining Bulletin, which is a part of the “Living history project”.

First of all, tell us something about yourself?

My name is Kruno Riđić. I was born in Vareš in 1944. I completed primary school and grammar school in Vareš as one of the best students. After that I enrolled the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture in Zagreb and after graduation returned to Vareš as a Vareš Mine and Ironworks fellow. I had an offer to stay and work at the Faculty in Zagreb, my professor at the time asked me to stay and waited for me for a year but I decided to come back to Vareš. I loved my town but I also loved my future wife. After that I started working here as a young probationer, first in the Mechanical Workshop II that is related to the blast furnace and the foundry and then I moved to a position of a manager of the Central Workshop. When it became a Basic Organisation of Associated Labour I was appointed the Director and for the next 20 years I was the Director of that Basic Organisation called “Organisation of Associated Labour - Maintenance”. Our task was to maintain all the mechanisation and all facilities within the Mine and in metallurgy, which means the blast furnace and the foundry as well as transport and accompanying facilities.

You are retired now, but you are still active- you are the Chairman of the Hunting Sportsmen’s Club, the Chairperson of the Beekeepers’ Association “Polen” Vareš. Can you tell us something about that?

When I initiated the activities related to beekeepers, my goal was to broaden the membership base. We are fortunate that after all the horrors of the war our coexistence is going the good way. People are good and gentle, there might be some war scars, but we are ready to shake each other’s hand and move on. As a Beekeepers’ Association we applied for various projects. It is interesting to mention branding of honey from Vareš, giving it a stamp and a brand since, as you know, honey is both food and medicine.

Let’s go back to your employment and your working tasks. How did you, as a young man, handle all the challenges that the work carried. Tell us something about that.

At a faculty you learn one thing, when you come to a company, mine, mining pit, blast furnace or a foundry then the situation is completely different. Theory is one thing, practice is something else. Maybe, at the beginning, I faced high business requirements, blast furnace overhaul. We produced white and grey iron in our furnaces. That type of production requires a lot of synchronization and it can often be dangerous. As far as the “Organisation of Associated Labour - Maintenance” is concerned, we had several units: Smreka, Brezik, Droškovac, Central Workshop, power generating plants. During those 20 years, when I was the Director, we tried to maintain the mobility and technical validity of the facilities at the highest possible level. As a result of that we always achieved our operational, monthly and annual plans which was not an easy task.

Let’s take a look at your role of the Director of maintenance that you performed for over twenty year. Was that an exhausting job and did you enjoy it?

That job was very demanding. On the one hand there are professional issues, you have to provide sufficient number of trucks, bulldozers, loaders, drilling machines and other mechanisation, you have to make sure that the delays are as short as possible. On the other hand when you have 1100 colleagues, it is very demanding to manage such a big number of people and sometimes it was more time consuming than it should have been for a manger  

You said that approximately 1100 people worked at the Mine?

At the height of our activity when we had a maximum capacity, we had 1100 employees. We worked in three shifts which means that we had people maintaining the technical validity of the facilities round the clock.

Have any of your family or relatives worked in the Vareš Mine and Ironworks?

My father was a locksmith and worked in the Mechanical Workshop II, my uncle was a locomotive operator, some of my cousins also worked here. As far as my family is concerned, my wife and my sons haven’t had any connections with the Mine and Ironworks.

Were there any female employees in the Mine and Ironworks when you worked there?

There were female employees, at various positions. There were female turners, those who worked in the production process but I have to admit that there were fewer female than male employees.

What did you like the most in the mining industry, what made you do your job with enthusiasm?

The majority of the population in the municipality of Vareš earned their living in the mine. If something can motivate you that is the fact that your employees earn a decent living. At that time we had a special form of social protection, health protection was free, and you could go to the seaside twice a year paid for by the Union. There were many privileges, there were not so many differences as today, but the times have changed. 

How did Vareš look like at the peak of its power, when the Mine and Ironworks worked? Can you compare the life at the time you worked and today?

At that time we built the biggest part of those buildings, the neighbouring towns probably envied us a little bit because of that. A lot of apartments for our employees were built, a lot of roads as well. We also had various cultural facilities such as the Worker’s Hall and community centres. We also had our own resort at the seaside. Those times were different, we used to socialise more and we enjoyed more than we do today.

When the Mine and the Ironworks worked, was any attention being paid to the protection of the environment and compliance with the relevant Laws?

We did have relevant laws, but to be honest, looking back at what we did and what we left behind, we can say that we did not pay much attention to that.  What you as a company do makes me happy because that is a completely different approach to the protection of the environment. I think that today, when it comes to the construction of the mine we have to persist with that, we have a possibility to solve all the ecological issues and problems to the mutual satisfaction, which means the satisfaction of the miners and the satisfaction of the residents.

Do you have any message for young people who are starting to build their careers? Both in mining sector and in our town in general.

Having lived abroad for 20 years I would tell young people: stay in your home country because you won’t find a more beautiful country. I have travelled half the world, I know what are United States of America and Germany like and I say that your home country is something that is dearest to you and something that cannot be replaced by anything. I think that with companies like yours young people have a perspective here. We have to research what is the market demand when it comes to our educational system and try to attract investors who are ready to come here. We have wood and metal processing capacities here that are unutilized and it would be a real pity not to utilize them.

Thank you very much for your time, with the hope that this cooperation will continue through your membership in the Local Community Relations Board.

I am honestly looking forward to that, I think we will be partners. It is my wish that you achieve your goals and that we as citizens, residents who live in the localities where you are going to carry out mining activities see that you are our partners and friends who want to help us.